Jean Moulin, l'ultime mystère (A.M. HISTOIRE) | Pierre Péan, Laurent Ducastel | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und. jean moulin biographie. Jean Moulin, - The French Resistance and the Republic | Clinton, A. | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und.
Jean Moulin Wir empfehlen
Jean Moulin war ein wichtiger Leiter der französischen Résistance während des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Lange war Frankreichs Widerstand gegen die deutschen Besatzer in zahlreiche Lager zersplittert. Jean Moulin (* Juni in Béziers, Hérault; † 8. Juli bei Metz, Moselle) war ein wichtiger Leiter der französischen Résistance während des Zweiten. Jean Moulin ist der Name folgender Personen: Jean Moulin (Widerstandskämpfer) (–), französischer Widerstandskämpfer; Jean Moulin (Leichtathlet). Jean Moulin war einer der bedeutendsten französischen Widerstandskämpfer gegen Nazi-Deutschland. Im Auftrag von de Gaulle führte er. Jean Moulin is a universally recognized French hero, celebrated as the delegate of General de Gaulle to Nazi-occupied France in and founder of the. Jean Moulin, - The French Resistance and the Republic | Clinton, A. | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und. Jean Moulin, l'ultime mystère (A.M. HISTOIRE) | Pierre Péan, Laurent Ducastel | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und.
Jean Moulin (* Juni in Béziers, Hérault; † 8. Juli bei Metz, Moselle) war ein wichtiger Leiter der französischen Résistance während des Zweiten. Für erhebliches Aufsehen sorgte u.a. die Biographie Jean Moulins aus der Feder der Résistance durch die Kommunisten; Jean Moulin im besonderen sei ein. Jean Moulin is a universally recognized French hero, celebrated as the delegate of General de Gaulle to Nazi-occupied France in and founder of the.
En , es subprefecto de Montargis y secretario general de la prefectura de Somme en Amiens. Posteriormente, ocupa la prefectura de Charente.
En es nombrado prefecto del departamento de Eure y Loir , Chartres. Esto era importante por el reconocimiento a los ojos de los Aliados de la legitimidad del gobierno de Francia en el exilio y de la propia Resistencia.
Fue retransmitido en numerosos centros y sus grabaciones pueden ser escuchadas en la audioteca del Centro Georges Pompidou.
Hubo algunos resistentes , como Lucie Aubrac , que trataron incluso de asesinarlo. De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Con las ocho mil francesas que no volvieron de los presidios.
Entra, con el pueblo nacido de la sombra y desaparecido con ella - nuestros hermanos en la Orden de la Noche. After being rejected by Jeanette Auran, Moulin, aged 27, married a year-old professional singer, Marguerite Cerruti, in the town of Betton-Bettonet in September Cerruti quickly became bored with the marriage, and Moulin responded by offering her further singing lessons in Paris, where she disappeared for two days.
Moulin attempted to hide his rejection by the bourgeoisie by excusing his wife's disappearances and not informing his family until after his divorce.
In , Pierre Cot , a Radical Socialist politician, named Moulin his second in command or chef adjoint when he was serving as Foreign Minister under Paul Doumer 's presidency.
In that capacity, Moulin was involved in Cot's efforts to assist the Second Spanish Republic by sending it planes and pilots. For the Istres - Damas - Le Bourget race, he presented the winners with their prize; Benito Mussolini 's son was one of those winners.
A more commonly-accepted version of events is that he used his position in the French air ministry to deliver planes to the Spanish Republican forces.
In January , Moulin was appointed prefect of the Eure-et-Loir department. After war against Germany was declared, he asked multiple times to be demoted because "[his] place is not at the rear, at the head of a rural departement"  .
Against the opinion of the Minister of the Interior , he asked to be transferred to the military school of Issy-Les-Moulineaux , near Paris.
The minister forced him to return to Chartres, where he had trouble ensuring the safety of the population. When the Germans got close to Chartres, he wrote to his parents, "If the Germans — who are able to do anything — make me say dishonorable words, you already know, it is not the truth".
He was arrested by the Germans on 17 June , as he refused to sign a false declaration that three Senegalese tirailleurs had committed atrocities, killing civilians in La Taye.
In fact, those civilians had been killed by German bombings  . Beaten and imprisoned because he refused to comply, Moulin attempted suicide by cutting his throat with a piece of broken glass.
That left him with a scar he would often hide with a scarf, which is the image of Jean Moulin remembered today. He was found by a guard and taken to hospital for treatment.
He then began writing his diary, First Battle, in which he relates his resistance against the Nazis in Chartres, which was later published at the Liberation and prefaced by de Gaulle.
Moulin reached London in September after travelling through Spain and Portugal, and he was received on 24 October by De Gaulle, who wrote about Moulin, "A great man.
Great in every way". Moulin summarised the state of the French Resistance to de Gaulle. Part of the Resistance considered him too ambitious, but de Gaulle had confidence in his network and skills.
He gave Moulin the assignment of co-ordinating and unifying the various Resistance groups, a hard mission that would take time and effort to accomplish.
Some historians consider Moulin one of the most important figures in the French Resistance because of his actions in unifying and organizing the various resistance groups, which had previously been operating in an independent and uncoordinated manner.
He was also instrumental in obtaining the cooperation of the Communist resistance groups, who had been reluctant to accept De Gaulle as their leader, because Moulin was known as a left-wing republican.
In his work in shepherding the Resistance, Moulin was aided by his private administrative assistant , Laure Diebold. He was, with the other Resistance leaders, sent to Montluc Prison in Lyon in which he was detained until the beginning of July.
Tortured extensively on a daily basis in Lyon by Klaus Barbie , the head of the Gestapo there, and later more briefly in Paris , Moulin never revealed anything to his captors.
According to witnesses, Moulin and his men had their fingernails removed using hot needles as spatulas. In addition, his fingers were placed on the door frames and the doors were closed again and again until his knuckles were broken.
They then tightened the handcuffs until they penetrated his skin and broke the bones in his wrists. Because he still refused to speak, they beat him until his face was unrecognizable and he fell into a coma.
Afterwards, Barbie ordered Moulin to be placed in an office and to be shown to all members of the Resistance not to collaborate with the Nazis.
The last time he was seen alive, he was still in a coma and his head was yellow, swollen and wrapped in bandages, as was the description given by Christian Pineau, fellow prisoner and another member of the Resistance.
Barbie alleged that suicide was the cause, and Moulin biographer Patrick Marnham supports that explanation.
Some [ who? Two trials found him innocent. A recent television film [ when? The Hardy family attempted to bring a lawsuit against the producers of the movie.
There have been many suppositions in the postwar years that Moulin was Communist. No hard evidence has ever backed up that claim.
Marnham looked into the assertions but found no evidence to support them although Communist Party members could easily have seen him as a "fellow traveller" because he had communist friends and supported the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War.